Outdoor Federation

How to Get Started Kayaking

Kayaking is a great activity to do on your own or with friends. It is easy to learn how to kayak, and the water is usually calm. Kayaking can be enjoyable for people of all ages and fitness levels. It’s a great way to see some beautiful scenery and meet new people while you’re out on the water. Kayakers are often able to find quiet spots to paddle where you can enjoy the natural beauty of the waterways.

How to Get Started Kayaking

What is Kayaking

Kayaking is a water sport in which participants use a kayak to navigate a river or other body of water. A kayak is a small, lightweight boat that sits low in the water and is propelled by a double-bladed paddle. Kayaking can be a solo or group activity, and can be enjoyed for recreation or competition.

Kayaking is a great way to get fit and have fun at the same time. Kayaks are very stable and easy to control, making them perfect for recreational use.

Kayakers can find many different types of kayaks to suit their needs, from comfortable touring kayaks to fast racing kayaks.

There are even specialized kayaks for different purposes, such as sea kayaks for fishing or SUPs for surfing.

Whitewater Kayaking

Whitewater kayaking is a sport that involves paddling a kayak down a river with whitewater rapids. The goal is to navigate the rapids and obstacles in the river while remaining in the kayak.

The kayaker must use quick reflexes to navigate the boat around obstacles, and often must get out of the boat to walk or swim through particularly difficult sections.

Whitewater kayaking can be a challenging and exciting sport, and it requires a good deal of skill and practice to become proficient.

Sea Kayaking

Sea kayaking is a sport that involves paddling a kayak in the open water. Kayaks are designed to be efficient and stable, making them perfect for exploring coastal areas.

Sea kayakers often paddle in groups, sharing the workload and enjoying the camaraderie. Sea kayaking can be a challenging and rewarding sport, providing a great workout and a chance to explore nature up close.

Snow Kayaking

Snow kayaking is a winter sport that combines the excitement of kayaking with the beauty of snow-covered landscapes. It is a great way to get outside and enjoy the winter weather while staying active. Snow kayakers use specialized kayaks designed for use in snowy conditions.

These kayaks have wider hulls that help them stay on top of the snow, and they often have tracks or skis on the bottom to help them move across the snow.

Types of Kayaks and Which Is the Best for You

There are many types of kayaks available on the market today. From inflatable kayaks to fishing kayaks, there is a kayak for everyone. Here are some of the most common types of kayaks and what materials they are made of:

Sit On Top Kayaks

A sit on top kayak is a type of kayak that allows the paddler to sit on top of the kayak rather than inside it. This type of kayak is often chosen by beginner paddlers because it is easier to get in and out of and it provides more stability than traditional kayaks. Sit on top kayaks are also popular among recreational paddlers because they allow for a more comfortable and relaxed paddling experience.

Sit In Kayak

A sit-in kayak is a type of kayak that allows the paddler to sit inside the kayak with their legs and feet in front of them. This type of kayak is often used for touring and recreational purposes. Sit-in kayaks are typically wider than other types of kayaks, which makes them more stable and allows for more storage space.

Inflatable Kayaks

Inflatable kayaks are a relatively new type of kayak that has been growing in popularity in recent years. They are made of lightweight materials and can be inflated to create a sturdy boat. This makes them easy to transport and store, and they can be quickly set up for use. Inflatable kayaks are ideal for beginner paddlers, as they are stable and easy to maneuver.

Folding Kayaks

Folding kayaks are a type of kayak that can be folded up for easy transport and storage. They are made of lightweight materials, such as plastic or aluminum, which make them easy to fold and transport. Folding kayaks are a popular choice for people who want the convenience of a kayak that can be easily transported and stored.

Rigid Kayaks

Rigid kayaks are those that do not flex, or bend, when paddled. They are made of a hard material, typically plastic or fiberglass, which gives them their name. This type of kayak is often heavier and more expensive than other options, but it is also more durable and can provide a smoother ride. Rigid kayaks are best for those who want a fast and stable boat that can handle rough water conditions.

Fishing Kayaks

Fishing kayaks are designed specifically for anglers who want to get closer to the water and their prey. They are typically narrower and shorter than traditional kayaks, making them more maneuverable in tight spaces.

Many fishing kayaks come equipped with features like rod holders, tackle storage, and waterproof hatches that allow anglers to keep all of their gear close at hand. Some models even have built-in electric trolling motors that allow you to quietly sneak up on your target fish.

Fun Outdoor Quiz

Tandem Kayaks

Tandem kayaks are designed for two people to paddle together. They are often wider and slower than traditional kayaks, making them more stable. This makes them a good choice for beginners or for people who want to paddle with a partner. Tandem kayaks can be used for recreational paddling, fishing, or even whitewater rafting.

How to Choose the Right Kayak for You

Before you can even think about buying a kayak, you need to decide what kind of kayak is right for you. There are many different types of kayaks on the market, so it can be hard to decide which one is right for you. Here are 6 factors for choosing the right kayak for you:

Size Matters

There are a lot of different sizes of kayaks, and the right one for you depends on your size, your weight, and your intended use. The size of a kayak is important because it affects the kayaker’s ability to control the craft.

Larger kayaks are more stable but less maneuverable, while smaller kayaks are more maneuverable but less stable. The right size kayak for you depends on your experience level and the type of paddling you plan to do.

Types of Kayaks

There are three types of kayaks – recreational, touring and fishing. Types of kayaks is important because it can help someone decide what type of kayaking they want to do. For example, if someone wants to do fishing kayaking, they would need a different kayak than someone who wants to do touring.

Hull Shape

Hull shape will affects the kayak’s speed, stability, and handling. Some hull shapes are better for sprinting and others are more stable in rough water. Kayakers should consider their needs and preferences when choosing the right hull shape.

A kayaks hull shape can be classified into three categories: flat bottom, displacement, and semi displacement. Each type of hull has its own unique set of characteristics that make it better suited for different activities.

Cockpit Size

Cockpit size dictates how comfortable you will be while paddling. A kayak with a smaller cockpit may be more difficult to get in and out of, but it will provide a more snug fit, which can make you more stable in the water. A kayak with a larger cockpit will be easier to get into and out of, but it may be less stable.


Accessories allow kayakers to personalize their kayaks to fit their specific needs and desires. Accessories can include items such as a paddle, life jacket, and dry bag.

Paddles can be used to propel the kayak through the water and can come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Life jackets keep kayakers safe in case of an accident and can also provide some warmth on cool days. Dry bags are perfect for keeping gear and other belongings safe and dry while kayaking.

Accessories will enhance the kayaker’s experience on the water, making the activity more enjoyable.


Price is one of the main factors that determines the quality of the kayak. The higher the price, the better the quality of the kayak. Generally, the more expensive kayaks are made with better materials and are designed to be more durable. However, there are also some affordable kayaks that are well-made and offer great features.

Rent or Buy

There is no definitive answer as to whether renting or buying a kayak is the better option, the main factors to consider are cost and usage.

Renting a kayak can be a more affordable option if you only plan on using it for a short period of time. Buying a kayak, on the other hand, can be more economical if you plan on using it frequently or for long periods of time.

Additionally, owning a kayak allows for more customization and flexibility in terms of what type of kayak is used.

How to Kayak Like a Pro!

Kayaking is a great activity for anyone looking for a healthy and fun way to get outdoors. Kayakers can enjoy the tranquility of paddling through pastoral waterways or explore more challenging waters with exhilarating whitewater.

Whether you’re just starting out or are an experienced kayaker, there are a few key tips to keep in mind to improve your experience.

Get Fitted for The Right Kayak

To get fitted for the right kayak, you need to know your height, weight, and inseam. This will help you determine the size of kayak you need. You’ll also need to know what type of kayaking you’ll be doing. If you’re just starting out, a recreational or touring kayak is a good option.

If you do not get fitted for the right kayak, you may end up with a kayak that does not fit you well and is uncomfortable to paddle. This can lead to a less enjoyable kayaking experience and may even cause some pain or discomfort while paddling.

In order to ensure you are getting the right kayak for your body size and shape, it is important to go through a kayak fitting process with a qualified retailer.

Getting In and Out Of the Kayak

There are a few ways that one can get into a kayak: stepping in from the shore, using a dock or platform, or wading out into the water and getting in that way.

For people who are not comfortable getting wet, using a dock or platform is the best option. Stepping in from the shore can be a bit more difficult, as the kayak may be further away from the water, but it can be done if there is a shallow area.

Paddling Basics

If you are new to kayaking, or if you have never paddled before, there are a few basics that you should know. This section will teach you the basics of paddling a kayak so that you can have a fun and safe experience.

Forward Stroke

A forward stroke is the most basic and fundamental kayaking stroke. It is used to propel the boat forwards. The forward stroke begins by placing the paddle horizontally on the water, with the blade closest to the boat. The blade should be angled slightly towards the boat, so that as you pull it through the water, it will slice into the surface. As you pull the paddle through the water, keep your arm straight, and use your torso and leg muscles to generate power.

Reverse Stroke

A reverse stroke is where the paddle is moved in the opposite direction of the desired motion. This is used to slow down or stop the boat. To execute a reverse stroke, the kayaker should paddle towards the back of the boat, and use a strong forward motion to push the water backwards.

This movement causes the kayak to move backwards. The reverse stroke is a useful technique for getting out of tight spots or for reversing direction quickly.

Side Stroke

A side stroke is a movement used when kayaking to propel the boat forward. The stroke is performed by paddling on one side of the boat, and then the other. This motion creates a rotating force that moves the kayak forwards. Performing a side stroke correctly takes practice, but once mastered, it can be a very powerful way to move through the water.

Draw Stroke

A draw stroke is a technique used to move the boat sideways by pulling the paddle towards the body. This is done by drawing the paddle towards the hip on the side that you want to move the boat. The power for this stroke comes from the arm and shoulder, not the hand or wrist.


A sweep is a kayaking stroke that is used to propel the boat forwards. The paddle is held with one hand near the top and the other hand nearer the bottom. The blade is then angled so that it slices through the water. The kayaker then pushes down on the paddle, which causes the boat to move forwards.

Holding a Paddle

Kayak paddles are typically made of wood and covered in a grip material. The material is often textured to provide more grip. Some people use crooks, while others use a single hand hold. It is important to find the grip that feels best for you and to make sure your hands are positioned correctly on the paddle.

Below are some basic steps to hold a paddle:

  • Grip the paddle with both hands on the shaft, about shoulder-width apart
  • Hold the paddle close to your body, with your elbows slightly bent
  • Point the blade of the paddle in the direction you want to go
  • Use a gentle back and forth motion to propel yourself forward
  • Steer by moving the paddle left or right

What to Wear for Kayaking

Kayaking can be a great way to enjoy your surroundings and get some good exercise. However, you need to dress appropriately for the weather and the activity.

Image: IG @kayakconnection

The Essentials

When kayaking, it is important to wear the proper gear to ensure your safety. The essentials include a life jacket, a helmet, and a watertight jacket. It is also important to wear clothing that will keep you warm and dry, such as a wetsuit or thermal underwear. Other items that can be helpful include gloves, a hat, and water shoes.

Clothing Options

The most important factor is to be comfortable, as you will likely be spending a significant amount of time in the water. Clothing that is breathable and quick-drying is ideal, as well as clothing that will protect you from the sun and wind. In colder weather, you will need to dress appropriately for the conditions.

Temperature Considerations

The clothing you choose to kayak in should be able to keep you warm and dry, even if you get wet. In general, it is a good idea to wear synthetic clothes that will wick moisture away from your skin. A synthetic base layer, like a T-shirt or long underwear, will help keep you warm and comfortable. You may also want to wear a fleece jacket or windbreaker to protect you from the cold air.

Accessories for Comfort and Protection

It is important to protect yourself from the elements when kayaking. Be sure to wear a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen to protect your skin. It is also important to wear a life jacket to keep you safe in case of an accident. Bring along some snacks and water to keep you energized.

Color Recommendation

The color recommendation for kayaking is typically bright colors like red or orange. This is because it makes the kayaker more visible to other vessels on the water. It is important to wear bright colors when kayaking because if there is an accident and someone needs to be rescued, they will be able to see the kayaker more easily.

Kayaking Safety Tips: How To Stay Safe While Kayaking

Kayaking, like any outdoor activity, there are risks involved. Here are some safety tips to keep in mind when kayaking:

Weather Conditions

Storms can quickly develop and can seriously endanger kayakers. It is important to check the weather forecast before heading out and to be aware of any warning signs such as dark skies, thunder, or lightning. If a storm is approaching, it is best to head back to shore.

Be Aware of Your Surroundings

One important safety tip is to always be aware of your surroundings, especially if you are in an area with wildlife like alligators or crocodiles. Remember that you are in a small boat in the middle of a large body of water, and you are not as visible to animals as you would be on land.


In the event of an accident like collision or kayak capsize, safety should be the first priority. If you are injured, you should try to stay calm and assess the situation. If you are able to move, evacuate to safe ground. If you are unable to move, call for help. If you are in danger of being swept away, use your paddle as a floatation device.

Kayaking with Children

When kayaking with children, always provide adequate supervision and ensure they are wearing a life jacket. Children should never be left in a kayak unsupervised. It is also important to choose the right type of kayak for your child’s size and weight. In addition, make sure they know how to swim and are comfortable in the water.

Improve Your Kayaking Skills with These Beginner Tips

Kayaking is a great way to explore your local waterways. However, even if you’ve been kayaking before, there are some beginner tips that can help make your experience better.

Get Comfortable in the Kayak

To get comfortable in the kayak means finding the right position and getting used to how the kayak moves. Novices should experiment with different positions to find what is most comfortable for them. It is also important to know how to brace oneself in case of a capsize.

Learn the Basic Strokes

Before you get in your kayak, make sure you know how to do the basic strokes. Once you’re in the kayak, use a forward stroke to move yourself forward, and use a backward stroke to move yourself backwards. You can also use a turning stroke to turn your kayak. If you need to stop moving, use a reverse sweep or a brace.

Practice, Practice, Practice

Before hitting the open water, it is recommended to practice on land first. This will help you become comfortable with the kayak and the movements required to operate it. Once you feel confident in your abilities, you can then venture out into more challenging waters.

Use a Rowing Machine

Use a rowing machine to improve your kayaking technique. Rowing machines are a great way to improve your strength and endurance, and they can help you learn the proper techniques for paddling a kayak. Rowing machines offer a realistic simulation of kayaking and can help you develop the muscles you need for paddling.

Take a Kayaking Class

Kayaking can also be dangerous if you don’t know what you’re doing. That’s why it’s important to take a kayaking class before hitting the open water. In a kayaking class, you’ll learn the basics of paddling and maneuvering your kayak, as well as how to stay safe in different types of weather and water conditions.


Lastly, kayaking is a great way to get outdoors and stay active. It is a fun sport that can be enjoyed by people of all ages. Whether you are a beginner or a pro, there is a kayaking trail for you. So get out there and explore the waterways near you!

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