Understanding how to start a fire in the wild without matches or a lighter can be a life-saving skill in a survival situation.
When some person in your very own camping group mistakenly drops matches in the brook or your lighter was lost on your way coming to camp, you probably need to know how to make a fire using common natural objects to create friction or using a magnifying glass and the Sun.
The below are 5 ways to make a fire in the wild.
Using Nest of Small Wood
- Learn how to make small wood for a fire and prepare the wood. For all the methods below, you’ll need a nest of small wood to feed the sparks or embers and create a flame.
- Collect dry wood. To create friction as well as maintain a flame, you will need to use very dry wood make fire in the wild.
- If there is a lot of moisture you are in, you will need to look for dry wood under cornices, in the center of clumps of branches or other places protected from moisture.
- All types of wood do not ignite in the same way; some do it much faster than others. For example, birch is wood that ignites very easily, even when it is wet, so it is perfect for starting a fire in the wild.
- When we talk about lighting a fire, we immediately think about the fire, but in urban areas, it may be impossible to get wood. Depending on the situation, you may need to use available items such as pallets, old books, newspapers or furniture and what you have on hand.
Using a Battery and Steel Wool
- Make a nest of small wood with any dry plant. You can use dry grass, leaves, twigs, and bark. This nest is going to be used to create a flame from the sparks you have produced using the battery and steel wool.
- Find a battery and locate the terminals. The terminals are the two circles that receive the teeth and are on the top of the stack.
- Any battery voltage will work, but a 9-volt battery will be more efficient as to make fire in the wild.
- Take steel wool and rub it on the battery terminals, the finer the wool, the better.
- Continue rubbing the steel wool on the pile. This technique works by creating a fire through the tiny steel wires that heat up and ignite.
- Some other way to do this is to take a 9-volt battery and a metal paperclip and rub it on each terminal of the stack at the same time to create a sparkle. This is similar to how the wires work in the bulbs and toasters.
- Blow lightly on the steel wool when it catches fire. This helps to fuel the flame and encourages it to expand.
- Create a flame. Once the steel wool glows brightly, quickly transfer it to your nest of small wood, you want to continue to blow lightly on your nest until the small woods ignite by creating a flame.
- Gradually add larger pieces of dry wood. You will build your fire in the wild, once the nest of small wood is ignited. Enjoy your fire!
Via Stone and Steel
- Build a nest of small wood using dry materials.
- Take your stone. Choose a sparkling stone and hold it between your thumb and forefinger. Leave 5 to 8 cm of stone out of your way.
- Place a tow of cotton between your thumb and the stone. Cotton tow is a small piece of fabric that has been transformed from small pieces of easily flammable charcoal. If you do not have a cotton tow on hand, you can use a small bark fungus.
- Take the back of a metal Carabiner. You can also use the back of a knife blade (depending on what you have on hand). Scrape the metal quickly against the stone. Continue scraping until sparks appear.
- Collect sparks with your cotton tow. Continue the process until the cotton ignites like embers. Cotton tows are specially designed to ignite without fire.
- Transfer the cotton tow to the nest of small wood. Blow lightly to trigger a flame.
- Gradually add bigger pieces of wood. So, you will turn your flame into a fire in the wild.
Employing a Magnifying Glass
- Check if there is enough sun. You will usually need the sun not hidden by the clouds to use it with a magnifying glass.
- If perhaps you do not own a magnifying glass, glasses or binoculars work just as well to make a fire in the wild.
- Adding water to the glasses creates a richer, sharper ray of light.
- Build a nest with dry materials and place it on the ground to make fire in the wild.
- Tilt the glass toward the sun. Continue until it creates a small circle of light on the nest. You will probably have to turn the glass at different angles to get the rays of light as sharp as possible
- Hold the glass in this position. Wait until the little wood starts to smoke and ignite. Blow lightly on the nest to feed the flame.
- Gradually add larger pieces of wood to the nest. You can make a fire in the wild the size you want this way.
With a Manual Drill
- Build a nest of small wood with any dry material. Make sure again that the material can ignite easily.
- You want to get a piece of wood for the base of your manual drill. It’s otherwise known as a fire board. You will drill on this piece of wood to create friction.
- Use a knife or any point. Make a small V-shaped notch in the center of your fire board. Make sure the notch is big enough to accommodate your stick.
- Place small pieces of bark under the notch. The bark will be used to recover the embers that will result from the friction between the stick and the board.
- Take your stick. It must be a thin stick 60 cm long and 1 cm in diameter. Place it in the V-notch.
- Hold the stick between your two palms flat. Start rolling it back and forth. Be sure to push the stick firmly toward the fire board.
- Keep rolling the stick quickly between your hands. Push one hand forward, then the other, until an ember appears on the board.
- Transfer the embers to a small piece of bark. You should have placed small pieces of bark near the notch first, for this purpose.
- Place the bark that contains the ember in your nest of small wood. Continue to blow lightly on the nest to completely transfer the embers and produce a flame as make a fire in the wild.
- Add bigger pieces of wood to maintain a bigger fire. Be aware that this method takes time to make fire and requires physical and mental determination.
Finally, It’s not hard to make a fire in the wild so long you read this how to make a fire in the wild post; however, Never forget to be careful when dealing with fire.
Be sure to extinguish a fire by using water or suffocating it with sand or earth before leaving the fireplace unattended.
Be careful of embers and sparks that may fly away during friction.